Glossary

S

Snip
Small patch of white hairs on the nose or lips of a horse.  

Soft (turf)
Condition of a turf course with a large amount of moisture. Horses sink very deeply into it.  

Sophomores
Three-year-old horses. Called sophomores because age three is the second year of racing eligibility.  

Speed Figure
A handicapping tool used to assign a numerical value to a horse's performance.  

Spit the Bit
A term referring to a tired horse that begins to run less aggressively, backing off on the "pull" a rider normally feels on the reins from an eager horse. Also used as a generic term for an exhausted horse.  

Sprint
Short race, less than one mile.  

Stakes
A race for which the owner usually must pay a fee to run a horse. The fees can be for nominating, maintaining eligibility, entering and starting, to which the track adds more money to make up the total purse. Some stakes races are by invitation and require no payment or fee.  

Stakes Horse
A horse whose level of competition includes mostly stakes races.  

Stakes-Placed
Finished second or third in a stakes race.  

Starter
1) An official responsible for ensuring a fair start to the race, the starter supervises the loading of horses into the starting gate through a gate crew. He/she also has control of the opening the gate. 2) A horse that is in the starting gate when the race begins, whether he runs or not.  

Display 10 25 50 Entries per page