SprintShort race, less than one mile.
StakesA race for which the owner usually must pay a fee to run a horse. The fees can be for nominating, maintaining eligibility, entering and starting, to which the track adds more money to make up the total purse. Some stakes races are by invitation and require no payment or fee.
Stakes HorseA horse whose level of competition includes mostly stakes races.
Stakes-PlacedFinished second or third in a stakes race.
Starter1) An official responsible for ensuring a fair start to the race, the starter supervises the loading of horses into the starting gate through a gate crew. He/she also has control of the opening the gate. 2) A horse that is in the starting gate when the race begins, whether he runs or not.
Starter RaceAn allowance or handicap race restricted to horses that have started for a specific claiming price or less.
Starting GatePartitioned mechanical device having stalls in which the horses are confined until the starter releases the stalls' confined front doors to begin the race.
State BredA horse bred in a particular state and thus eligible to compete in races restricted to state-breds.
StayerA horse that can race long distances.
SteadiedA horse being taken in hand by its rider, usually because of being in close quarters.
Step UpA horse moving up in class to meet better competition.
StewardOfficials of the race meeting responsible for enforcing the rules of racing.
StirrupsMetal "D"-shaped rings into which a jockey places his/her feet. They can be raised or lowered depending on the jockey's preference. Also known as "irons."
StretchFinal straight portion of the racetrack to the finish.
Stretch CallPosition of horses at the eighth pole.
Stretch RunnerHorse that runs its fastest nearing the finish of a race.
StrideManner of going. Also, distance covered between successive imprints of the same hoof.
Stud1) Male horse used for breeding. 2) A breeding farm.