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A Thoroughbred racing saddle is the lightest saddle used, weighing less than two pounds.  

Saddle Cloth
A cotton cloth which goes under the saddle to absorb sweat. It usually has the horse's program number and sometimes, in major races, its name.  

Saddle Pad
A piece of felt, sheepskin, or more usually, foam rubber, used as a base for the saddle.  

Scale of Weights
Fixed weights to be carried by horses according to their age, sex, race distance and time of year.  

Process of familiarizing a horse with the starting gate and teaching it racing practices. A horse may also be schooled in the paddock.  

To be taken out of a race before it starts. Trainers usually scratch horses due to adverse track conditions or a horse's adverse health. A veterinarian can scratch a horse at any time.  

Second Call
A secondary mount of a jockey in a race in the event his primary mount is scratched.  

Set Down
1) A suspension - The jockey was set down five days for careless riding. 2) When a jockey assumes a lower crouch in the saddle while urging the horse to pick up speed, the horse was set down for the drive to the wire.  

Shadow Roll
A (usually sheepskin) roll that is secured over the bridge of a horse's nose to keep it from seeing shadows on the track and shying away from or jumping them.  

Rope or strap attached to a halter or bridle by which a horse is led.  

Stable area. A row of barns.  

A handicapping tool assigning a numerical value to each race run by a horse to enable different horses running at different racetracks to be objectively compared.  

A horse in need of more work or racing to reach winning form.  

Third position at the finish.  

Show Bet
Wager on a horse to finish in the money; third or better.  

Shut Off
Unable to improve position due to being surrounded by other horses.  

Jacket and cap worn by riders to designate owner of the horse, or at some smaller tracks, to designate post positions (e.g., yellow for post position one, blue for two, etc.).  

A simultaneous live television transmission of a race to other tracks, off-track betting offices or other outlets for the purpose of wagering. 

1) The male parent. 2) To beget foals.  

Sloppy (track)
A racing strip that is saturated with water; with standing water visible.  

Small patch of white hairs on the nose or lips of a horse.  

Soft (turf)
Condition of a turf course with a large amount of moisture. Horses sink very deeply into it.  

Three-year-old horses. Called sophomores because age three is the second year of racing eligibility.  

Speed Figure
A handicapping tool used to assign a numerical value to a horse's performance.  

Spit the Bit
A term referring to a tired horse that begins to run less aggressively, backing off on the "pull" a rider normally feels on the reins from an eager horse. Also used as a generic term for an exhausted horse.  

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